The Texas Foundation for Archaeological & Historical Research
For the 2012 season at Bylazora (Sveti Nikole), TFAHR sponsored an international team
of 11 teachers, students and professional archaeologists from the USA (Texas,
California), England, France, New Zealand, Poland, and Scotland. Participants paid their
own way to the site and TFAHR undertook the cost of their room, board, tools, and
To work alongside the TFAHR team and our colleagues from the People's Museum of
Sveti Nikole, TFAHR employed 13 workers from Sveti Nikole and Knezje. We were also
joined by volunteers from the US Peace Corps who gave up vacation and free days to
excavate with us at Bylazora.
In 2012 we excavated in Sector 6 on the Acropolis of Bylazora, focusing our attention on
the large building whose corner first came to light at the end of the 2011 season. A brief
summary of these excavations can be found at the Summary Report for 2012. The
photos on this page further illustrate the 2012 finds.
Excavations on the Acropolis of Bylazora (Sector 6)
TFAHR Photo Album - 2012 Excavations at Bylazora (Sveti Nikole), Republic of Macedonia.
|Click on photo to enlarge.
The 2012 season began with excavations at the intersection of two walls of very fine
stones, joined at a curious 105° angle. We now believe that these walls form part of a
temenos wall, separating one part of the acropolis from another. We have not yet
uncovered the complete circuit of the temenos walls.
|Iron projectile point (?)
A large number of storage, cooking
and serving vessels were found in
the kitchen area of our building,
including numerous amphoras (top
left) and drinking cups (bottom left).
Select Finds from the 2012 Season
Within the angle of the temenos wall, we
uncovered several rooms which may have
been an area for storing and cooking food.
The stones of the walls have been robbed
away, leaving behind only the traces of
|A great layer of ash covered the
|This area was once divided by walls,
whose traces remain in the robber
trenches (click image to view
outlines of robbed out walls).
|We have identified this area as a
kitchen based on the large number
of cooking, storage and serving
Excavation of the kitchen area revealed fallen
plaster from the robbed out walls (above), as
well as fallen, charred timber beams (right).
|A threshold block in line with one of
the robbed out walls.
We followed the temenos wall to the southeast to a
length of over 32 meters; we continued to find
buildings built along and into this wall.
The photo to the left shows remains of a Doric
column, possibly from a peristyle court. Beyond, we
have walls of a circular building enclosed within a
At the far eastern end of our excavation area, we
came down upon the threshold of a gate in the
temenos wall. Further excavation is needed to
determine where the wall goes on the other side of
Click on plan to enlarge.
|Threshold in gate of temenos wall.
Along the outside of the temenos wall we discovered a small raised dedication
|Two small altars on the
Dedication altars and
Corinthian capitals that
supported memorials (left).
The dedications are lined
up right along the temenos
|A terracotta object with nine holes, of uncertain
use - perhaps for dedications of grain stalks?
|Fragment of painted
plaster wall decoration.