The Texas Foundation for Archaeological & Historical Research
The TFAHR Bylazora Project
|THE STAMPED AND INSCRIBED FINDS FROM BYLAZORA, the 2010 Season
A Preliminary Catalogue of the Stamped and Inscribed Finds from the 2010 Season
By Candace Richards
|Click on photo to enlarge.
|The 2010 excavations at Bylazora were conducted across two sectors of the acropolis: Sector 3 and Sector 6. In addition to the
significant architectural finds in both sectors (see: Bylazora 2010 Summary Report), there were several stamped and inscribed
ceramic finds representing a broad range of shapes, fabrics and decorative forms. The following catalogue is a representative
selection of the finds, a continuation of the Preliminary Catalogue of the Stamped and Inscribed Ceramic Finds from the 2008 and
2009 Seasons by Mari Malmer. Each find is presented with a catalogue number (numerically following the 2009 catalogue), its
basket number and sector (according to the locus system employed during excavations), and the type of fragment, followed by a
short description of form and decorative features, stamps or markings. This catalogue is a preliminary presentation only. Further
analysis of this material, already underway by several members of the excavation team, will address the significance of the individual
finds and their role in understanding the material culture of the Paionians.
21. J13.12.1 (Sector 3). Black slip base fragment with graffito.
Ring base fragment, buff colored fine fabric with black slip. Graffito
of a linear figure (with small circular head and crossed lines
indicating a body, arms with downturned limbs and short angled
legs) inscribed into the slipped area of the underside of the base.
22. P14.5.1 (Sector 3). Rim fragment with stamped
decoration. Two adjoining fragments of a grey ware
vessel, semi-fine fabric, with everted rim and section of
wall. Three differing horizontal bands of decoration are
visible: the top band of decoration consists of an incised
pattern of alternating zig-zag shapes (see highlighted
image at the right - further forms possible due to minimal
preservation of pattern); the second band appears
immediately below the first and consists of a series of leaf
like shapes, above and below a central incised horizontal
line. This “vegetal” pattern is most likely applied by
roulette. The third band is visible only on one of the
fragments, appearing immediately below the second
band and consists of a series of incised short slashes.
23. L16.6.1B (Sector 3). Rim and stamped strap handle fragment.
Strap handle extending from rim with small section of wall, grey ware
of fine fabric, with deeply impressed stamp on handle. The stamped
design consists of two parallel lines connected by a significantly
curved line forming two almost complete circles, appearing as a
highly stylized ‘m’ shape. This design has parallels with the double
shank “M” head pin type distributed throughout the Balkan region
and elsewhere. The same stamp appears on 28 (N15.10.1B).
24. J13.11.3 (Sector 3 ). Coarse ware handle with incised
decoration. Vertical handle, grey ware of coarse fabric, with incised
decoration of three roughly parallel lines forming a zig-zag pattern.
The decoration is complete across the top of the handle and does
not continue, in this instance, onto the body of the vessel.
25. O12.6.3 (Sector 3). Body fragment with incised decoration.
Two adjoining body fragments, grey ware of semi-coarse fabric, with
an incised geometric design consisting of groups of vertical lines
angled to varying degrees forming roughly triangular shapes.
26. K13.10.3B (Sector 3). Rim fragment with stamped decoration.
Wide flaring rim with small section of wall, buff colored coarse fabric,
with two rows of stamped decoration around the neck consisting of
‘crescent moon’ shapes, possibly applied by roulette. Just visible on
the body is an additional series of diagonal shallow grooves.
27. L13.10.2 (Sector 3). Black slip base fragment with graffito. Ring
base fragment , fine fabric with black slip covering reserved underside
of base and part of wall; slip is significantly worn. Inscribed on
underside of base is graffito ‘ME’ or ‘MB’. The second symbol is
unclear due to the break of the vessel.
28. N15.10.1B (Sector 3). Rim and stamped handle fragment. Fragment from a thick, straight walled vessel, coarse fabric, with plain straight
rim, stamped lug handle and section of wall. The stamp is deeply impressed and consists of two parallel lines connected by a significantly curved
line forming two almost complete circles, appearing as a highly stylized ‘m’ shape. This design has parallels with the double shank “M” head pin
type distributed throughout the Balkan region and elsewhere. The same stamp appears on 23 (L16.6.1B).
29. L22.4.1 (Sector 6). Incised base fragment. Grey ware
concave base with shallow incised ‘X‘ scratched into the base
after the vessel was fired.