The Texas Foundation for Archaeological & Historical Research
The TFAHR Bylazora Project
|THE STAMPED AND INSCRIBED FINDS FROM BYLAZORA, the 2008 and 2009 Seasons
A Preliminary Catalog of the Stamped and Inscribed Ceramic Finds from the 2008 and 2009 Seasons
By Mari Malmer
|Click on photo to enlarge.
The 2008 and 2009 excavation seasons at Bylazora have yielded numerous ceramic finds which display stamped or inscribed
decoration. Such markings, especially if made prior to the firing of the object, can sometimes denote the identity of the potter or the
merchant for whom the vessel was made. Marks scratched into a previously fired vessel may denote ownership or may just be
graffiti; we generally do not have enough information to judge.
The following catalog describes the stamped and inscribed finds from Bylazora and offers preliminary interpretations of the markings.
We will continue to add to this catalog as more finds are unearthed, and as parallels are discovered from other archaeological
1. J12.2.3. Large, lower part of a medium coarse amphora handle.
Letters of unknown origin (possibly Greek) inscribed after firing, in
shallow uneven strokes.
2. L.11.7.2. Small vertical grey ware handle from a cup or small jug. The Greek letter “Kappa” inscribed before firing.
3. K11.4.5. Attic black glazed fine ware body sherd from unknown
cup, possibly a kylix or lip-cup. The Greek characters P?, T, A, and
Δ? inscribed after firing. The letters are on the inside of the cup,
and are of a high quality.
4. M11.3.4. Large lower part of an amphora handle. Stamped with ΣΚΥΜΝΟ ΘΑΣΙΩΝ.
5. L11.4.4. Ceramic pyramidal loom weight. The stamp is oval in shape, but what is depicted is not discernable.
6. J13.4.5. Flat coarse ware base, probably of a shallow bowl or plate. Inscribed or scratched on the underside of the base after firing are a
v-shaped symbol and a figure eight-shaped symbol. The symbols are made with shallow uneven strokes, and it is therefore hard to discern if
they are characters or part of a drawing.
7. J13.4.20. Large lower part of a medium coarse amphora handle. Letters of unknown origin (possibly the Greek characters Κ and Χ)
inscribed after firing, in shallow uneven strokes.
8. N11 Cleanup. Ceramic pyramidal loom weight with a wavy
line incised before firing.
9. NO13 Cleanup/Topsoil. Part of a coarse pithos rim. A star is
stamped on the flat upper part of the rim. The stamp is
reminiscent of that of KLM12.2.1, and that of the olpe N14.4.5.